Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a general term for conditions affecting the heart or blood vessels. It is usually associated with a build-up of fatty deposits inside the arteries (atherosclerosis) and an increased risk of blood clots. It can also be associated with damage to arteries in organs such as the brain, heart, kidneys and eyes. CVD is one of the main causes of death and disability in the UK, but it can often largely be prevented by leading a healthy lifestyle.
CVD is also a key health focus in Norfolk and Waveney because there is a significantly higher prevalence of CVD across the area in comparison to rest of England. We know there is a link between diabetes, respiratory and cardiovascular conditions and so helping people improve their lifestyle will impact across these, as set out in this diagram;
Some of the changes we are making include:
- Increasing the awareness, diagnosis and early treatment of CVD
- Promoting information on the impact of treating and managing causes of CVD such as hypertension, diabetes, obesity and smoking
- Minimising variation in health outcomes for our population
- Enhancing our capacity for the detection of hypertension in primary care working with our GP practices and community pharmacists
- Focussing on support services to help people quit smoking